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Food for Type 2 Diabetes – Nutrition Mythbusters

Started 2/19/2013 by michaelhamm

  • michaelhamm michaelhamm ORIGINAL POSTER
    Myth #1: Carbohydrates are bad for you.
    All carbohydrates aren’t alike. Easily digested carbohydrates, such as those from white bread and white rice, if eaten often and in large quantities, may add to weight gain. But carbohydrates are also found in fruits, vegetables, beans, and dairy products; and these deliver essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Diabetes carbohydrates also give your body energy and help keep organs functioning properly.
    A system called the glycemic index measures how fast and how far blood sugar rises after you eat a food with carbohydrates. White rice, for example, is almost immediately converted to blood sugar (glucose), causing it to rise rapidly, and so has a high glycemic index. Whole grain bread is digested more slowly, making blood sugar climb more slowly and not as high. It has a low glycemic index. Whenever possible, select carbohydrates that is whole grain, such as whole grain bread, whole wheat pasta, and old fashioned oats.
    Myth #2. Vegetables mainly add fiber to your diabetic diet foods.
    Vegetables are excellent sources of fiber and they supply vitamins and minerals, with very few calories. Orange vegetables like carrots, and dark leafy greens, such as spinach and collards, are good sources of vitamin A, an important nutrient to keep your eyesight keen, your skin healthy, and your immune system strong. Broccoli, pepper, and tomatoes are full of vitamin C, which promotes healing and keeps keep ligaments, tendons, and gums healthy. And beans and lentils supply potassium, which enables the body to convert blood sugar into glycogen, a stored form of energy that’s held in reserve by the muscles and liver.
    Myth #3: To get calcium in your diabetic diet, you have to consume dairy products.
    Milk, yogurt, and cheese are rich in calcium, which is important for building and protecting bones, Calcium Sources but they’re not the only sources of this mineral. Today, many foods are fortified with calcium, including orange juice, soy milk, breads, and cereals. Other nondairy sources of calcium are canned salmon and sardines with bones, collard greens, broccoli, and almonds. If you find it difficult to get enough calcium from your diet, you can also take calcium and glucose supplements.
    Myth #4: Meat, chicken, and fish are the best sources of protein.
    Foods with protein help your body build muscle and tissue, and provide diabetes vitamins and minerals. Animal sources—meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products–have what’s called complete protein, that is, they contain all the amino acids needed to build new proteins. Proteins from fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts are called incomplete proteins—they’re missing one or more amino acids. But animal sources of protein have their drawbacks: red meat and poultry skin are high in fat, especially saturated fat (a healthy diabetic diet plan should have less than 10% of calories from saturated fat). If you eat meat, stick to lean cuts, chicken with the skin removed, and fish. If you want to try vegetable sources of protein, try beans, nuts, and whole grains.
  • SharonRD SharonRD
    NIce review of preferred foods to eat for good health. Although glycemic index gives a rating for a particular food, the industry prefers to use glycemic load, which takes the portion size into account. We tend to not eat foods singularly, and so the glycemic effect is changed by the ripeness of the item, the variety ( red potato vs russet) , the cooking method, condiments added ( add some margarine to the potato) and what the food is eaten with. At this point, the rise in blood glucose from the "meal" has less to do with the GI of one particular food. If you are spiking a blood glucose every time you eat 3 ears of corn with no butter, then maybe you should try to eat less, add a little butter, --test your blood glucsoe before and after each experiment and see what you find! You may still be able to eat one ear of corn along with a piece of chicken and a salad, and the blood glucose pattern is fine.
  • maung maung
    it has been said that fruit's are good for diabetic-2.but unfortunately the quantity is not mentioned.i want to ask is that is it safe for diabetc-2 to take two or three medium size a day ?
  • MikeBoyle MikeBoyle
    This is a reply to
    it has been said that fruit's are good for diabetic-2.but unfortunately the quantity is not mentioned.i want to ask is that is it safe for diabetc-2 to take two or three medium size a day ?
    We just had a new blog posting on fruits at The link to the post is here. In this blog we mention as fact No. 3 the following:
    Carbohydrates and Fiber in Fruits: When adding fruits to a meal plan for a person with diabetes, it is necessary to know the amounts of carbohydrate and fiber. Here on, we have a wonderful chart for many common fruits. The recommended amount of fiber by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is (14g fiber/1,000 kcal).
    Please note that fruits have different amounts of carbohydrate in them. The amount of carbohydrate you eat will affect your blood sugar. You should know the amount of carbohydrates you need at each meal and know the amount of carbohydrates in the fruits you would like (see our chart for carbohydrate values of fruits). You can then use fruits in an appropriate amount as part of the carbohydrates you need for the meal. Ask your dietitian how many carbohydrates are correct for you at your meals. Once you know this information, it will be easy to plan meals that are balanced with fruit and other carbohydrates as well.
    Thanks for your question!
    Clara Schneider MS, RD, RN, CDE, LDN
  • Projit B Projit B
    my uncle aged about 62 and has high sugar but controlled under medication.He has problem of high creatinin(2.6 at present) what should be his daily diet
  • claras claras
    This is a reply to
    Dear Projit B,
    The doctor may want to run other tests for kidney function to determine what your Uncles nutrient needs are. Potentially protein, sodium and potassium may be restricted. Your Uncle's physician needs to advise him if these are necessarily to restrict and by how much. Please see a registered dietitian to plan your Uncles diet so he can understand the correct foods to eat.
    Clara Schneider MS,RD,RN,CDE,LDN