Browse Glossary: "c"
calcium channel blocker
a drug used to lower blood pressure.
a small area of skin, usually on the foot, that has become thick and hard from rubbing or pressure.
a unit representing the energy provided by food. Carbohydrate , protein , fat , and alcohol provide calories in the diet. Carbohydrate and protein have 4 calories per gram, fat has 9 calories per gram, and alcohol has 7 calories per gram.
the smallest of the body's blood vessels. Oxygen and glucose pass through capillary walls and enter the cells. Waste products such as carbon dioxide pass back from the cells into the blood through capillaries
an ingredient in hot peppers that can be found in ointment form for use on the skin to relieve pain from diabetic neuropathy.
a doctor who treats people who have heart problems.
carpal tunnel syndrome
a severe disorder affecting the hand that may occur in people with diabetes ; caused by a pinched nerve.
clouding of the lens of the eye.
certified diabetes educator (CDE)
a health care professional with expertise in diabetes education who has met eligibility requirements and successfully completed a certification exam.See diabetes educator.Find a certified diabetes educator here.
a condition in which the joints and soft tissue in the foot are destroyed; it results from damage to the nerves.
an oral medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes. It lowers blood glucose levels by helping the pancreas make more insulin and by helping the body better use the insulin it makes. Belongs to the class of medicines called sulfonylureas. (Brand name: Diabinese.)
describes something that is long-lasting. Opposite of acute.
the flow of blood through the body's blood vessels and heart.
a scientifically controlled study carried out in people, usually to test the effectiveness of a new treatment.
a sleep-like state in which a person is not conscious. May be caused by hyperglycemia
in a coma ; not conscious.
combination oral medicines
a pill that includes two or more different medicines. See Glucovance.
the use of different medicines together cose levels of people with type 2 diabetes.
a source of protein that contains an adequate proportion of all of the essential amino acids for the dietary needs of humans or other animals.
harmful effects of diabetes such as damage to the eyes, heart, blood vessels , nervous system, teeth and gums, feet and skin, or kidneys. Studies show that keeping blood glucose , blood pressure , and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels close to normal can help prevent or delay these problems.
problems or conditions that are present at birth.
congestive heart failure
loss of the heart's pumping power, which causes fluids to collect in the body, especially in the feet and lungs.
a term used in clinical trials where one group receives treatment for diabetes in which A1C and blood glucose levels are kept at levels based on current practice guidelines. Methods differ from intensive therapy. Conventional therapy includes use of medication, meal planning, and exercise, along with regular visits to health care providers.
coronary artery disease
coronary heart disease
heart disease caused by narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. If the blood supply is cut off the result is a heart attack.