Browse Glossary: "u"
see unit of insulin.
a deep open sore or break in the skin.
long-acting insulin. On average, ultralente insulin starts to lower blood glucose within 4 to 6 hours after injection. It has its strongest effect 10 to 18 hours after injection but keeps working 24 to 28 hours after injection. Also called U insulin.
United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study
a study in England, conducted from 1977 to 1997 in people with type 2 diabetes. The study showed that if people lowered their blood glucose , they lowered their risk of eye disease and kidney damage. In addition, those with type 2 diabetes and hypertension who lowered their blood pressure also reduced their risk of stroke , eye damage, and death from long-term complications.
is a fat or fatty acid in which there are one or more double bonds in the fatty acid chain.
the liquid waste product filtered from the blood by the kidneys , stored in the bladder, and expelled from the body by the act of urinating.
also called urinalysis; atest of a urine sample to diagnose diseases of the urinary system and other body systems. In people with diabetes, a doctor may check for: Glucose , a sign of diabetes or other diseases; Protein , a sign of kidney damage, or nephropathy; White blood cells, a sign of urinary tract infection; Ketones , a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis or other conditions. Urine may also be checked for signs of bleeding. Some tests use a single urine sample. For others, 24-hour collection may be needed. And sometimes a sample is "cultured" to see exactly what type of bacteria grows.
a doctor who treats people who have urinary tract problems. A urologist also cares for men who have problems with their genital organs, such as impotence.